top of page

Topics of Japanese history-Manyoshu, Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves

(by S. Miyauchi, Professional Engineer, Doctor of Engineering, JSME Fellow)

<万葉集, Manyoshu, Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves>

In the Nara era, many Wakas (和歌, fixed form improvised poetry) were sung all over Japan. Not only in Nara capital , but also the local government offices. At Hakone Pass when soldiers started more than 1000km long trips to bases in North Kyusyu against Tang Navy invasions, they prayed and sang looking back toward their hometowns and thinking their families.

Furthermore, Nakamaro Abe became a high-ranking official of Tang and became a friend with Wei Wang Wei, Li Bai and Du Fu who were high-ranking officials and famous poets. But he could not return to Japan because his ships boarding were wrecked twice. So he sang a symbolic song of the nostalgia looking back toward the ocean and thinking of the moon climbing over the mountain in Nara. Singing Waka, people worshiped nature where exist ten thousand Gods. And they sang joy and sorrow of the life.

In addition, Queen Nukata no Okimi (額田王) was loved by two kings, Tenchi and his younger brother Tenmu who played important part in Japanese history because they introduced political systems of Tang. Her soul was so free and talented. In front of King Tenchi and many courtiers, she sang that "You (Tenmu) are waving your hand, though a guard of hunting ground is looking". Of course, Tenmu returned a Waka impromptu.

This Japanese rich oral literature until 7C was written down by manyogana and put in Manyoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves). This was handed down to coming ages as big cultural heritage. The manyogana is a syllabary based on Chinese characters. Japanese made this in the 8th century when they introduce Chinese culture. This will be the first big result of the flexibility of Japanese culture.

In addition, because the written language was established in 8C, Japanese is stable in not only grammar but also phonological transitions including abrasions and dialects of the spoken language. Manyoshu are loved to read and song by so many modern Japanese people. Also, Waka is the literature that Japanese who are sensitive to nature and people and the words (the soul of language) make use a characteristic of the agglutinative language (the high flexibility of the sentence structure and the rich nuance of the postpositions) to the maximum.

In addition, the political and cultural position of women were high since Queen Himiko (卑弥呼). The women' s literature such as The Tale of Genji (the world's first full-length novel) written by court lady Murasaki Shikibu (紫式部) and Torikaebaya Monogatari (modern subject about gender) were prospered by court ladies in Heian era (794-1192).





宮内 直(技術士、工学博士、機械学会フェロー) 地方公立名門高校の卒業生は人間力と好奇心・地頭が強く伸び代が大。率直で元気で挑戦的、ストレス・逆境に強く、様々の境遇の仕事相手の懐へ初対面でも飛込む。また地方の親達は「子供は何とか国立大学へ」と懸命に働き、子供もその感謝で社会に出て勤勉なので企業に人気。地方創生が最近よく話題になるが、明治の近代化から戦後復興・高度成長は、江戸時代の全264藩(領邦)


Jay Shafer's Stunning $5,000 Tiny House 3,025,516 回視聴 •2018/11/09 那須塩原市 上物作っていきます。前編#ミニ小屋作り#小屋暮らしとDIY 【土地開拓】#2 伐

駆け抜けし 昭和の星(スター)ら 浄土へと

人間、「はい、ここまで」という日は来る。 突然来る(交通事故など)。 一定期間の予告をもって来る場合もある(癌の告知後数か月から数年など。)。 病床に2、3日臥せれば、あっという間の身体の衰えを意識する。 身体、頭、目、手、足を動かしての命である。 「はいここまで」が来るまで、毎日、身体、頭、目、手、足を動かすことだ。 それは試験の1時間と同じだ。一生は試験の1時間だ。 「はいここまで」と言われる


bottom of page